Archive for the ‘Gardening Knowledge’ Category

Tips for Growing Bilberries from Seed

Grow Bilberries from Seed

What IS a Bilberry?

Bilberry is also known as Blaeberry, Whortleberry, Whinberry, Winberry, Wimberry, Myrtle blueberry, Black hearts and Fraughan. Bilberries are DIFFERENT from Blueberries but closely related. Both the berries and the leaves of this interesting plant are used in herbal medicines.

Bilberry leaves have been used to control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. Bilberry extract can also help protect the stomach against ulcers. It stimulates production of stomach mucus, which protects against digestive acids. And because it relaxes muscles, it can help relieve menstrual cramps.

In folk medicine, Bilberry leaves were used to treat gastrointestinal ailments, applied topically, or made into infusions. Bilberry leaves are also used as a tonic to prevent some infections and skin diseases. The berries contain compounds called anthocyanosides, which are known to strengthen blood vessels and improve circulation, and can be useful in treating eye disorders, such as diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and glaucoma, and circulation disorders, such as varicose veins and hemorrhoids. These same compounds also strengthen the retina, the part of the eye that controls night vision and helps the eye adapt to light changes. Bilberries are often said to help night vision and, it is said, that during World War II, British fighter pilots ate Bilberries before going on nightly bombing raids because their night vision improved as a result.

Dried Bilberries have been used for many years to treat diarrhea. The dried berry is high in tannin, which helps control and reduce the intestinal inflammation that can cause diarrhea.

Tips for Growing Bilberry from Seed:

  • Soak berries

    Soak the berries in water overnight. The easiest way to do this is to put the berries in a jar, pour water over them, let them sit over night.

  • Smash berries

    In the morning pour the soaked berries through a sieve, smash the berries inside the sieve, then put the mashed berries in a bowl or small bucket of water, stir them around in the water, at which point the flesh will float and the seeds will sink.

  • Separate Seeds

    Pour off the majority of the water and the flesh of the berries. Finally, pour the water and the seeds into a sieve that is lined with a paper towel. Allow this to drain, and you will now have the seeds on the paper towel, and you can proceed to scoop them up and plant them!

  • Plant Seeds

    Sow your Bilberry seeds in fall or very early spring (expect germination in the spring). You may also mix the seeds in moist medium in a sealed plastic bag or jar in the refrigerator (not the freezer) for 90 days, then remove from fridge and sow. The best conditions for germination are cool, moist shade. Sow seeds in acid loam medium. Grow out in a shaded place in pots for a year before transplanting to final location. Bilberries prefer to grow in acidic loam soil.

  • Enjoy!

Interested in purchasing Organic Bilberry Seeds? Click the link below to be directed:

Purchase Bilberry Seeds Here.

Share this Post[?]

Posted on February 24th, 2014 by Ms. Sunshine  |  No Comments »

What is “Maca” and why do you want it?

What is maca?

The Maca plant has been cultivated by the Bolivian people living in the high Andes for thousands of years. The root of the Maca plant is often used to balance hormones and naturally enhance libido function.

The Legends and History of the Maca Root

“Do not pray for easy lives. Pray to be stronger men”

~John F Kennedy

The Incan Imperial Warriors were fierce fighters and legend has it that Maca was their secret weapon. For about 2,000 years Maca has been used as a medicinal plant, and is considered a potent form of aphrodisiac promoting enhanced sexual function and more. The Incan Warriors are said to have gorged themselves on Maca prior to battle. They learned that Maca contains potent energy producing properties, promoting strength and endurance. The warriors would assault another village charged with the power Maca brought them. After these warriors conquered a city, the women of that city were often ravaged by these “empowered” men.

Although this is not the most pleasant of stories, it brings us to the modern day fascination with this historic root!

Now, we fast forward to present times…why is everyone asking about Maca?!

The Maca plant is native to the high Andes in Peru and Bolivia. The Maca root has therapeutic properties and its many health benefits are continuing to be discovered and validated!
Maca has been shown to contain the chemical p-methoxybenzyl isothiocyanate, and, this is the chemical that is primarily responsible for its sexual enhancement properties and its ability to boost libido in both men and women. The Maca root has 55 naturally occurring beneficial phytochemicals. It has been shown to reduce enlarged prostate glands in scientific studies on animals. It has been used to regulate hormonal imbalances, menstrual irregularities, healthy estrogen levels, and even temporary depression in women. It is said that Maca stimulates each sex to respond in gender appropriate manners. One Doctor referring to his personal experience with Maca called it, “Nature’s Viagra“.

Growing Maca

Maca is a hardy perennial plant cultivated high in the Andean Mountain at altitudes from 11,000-14,500 feet. The area where Maca is found high in the Andes is an inhospitable region of intense sunlight, violent winds and below freezing weather. With its extreme temperatures and poor rocky soil, the area rates among the world’s worst farmland, yet over the centuries, Maca learned to flourish under these conditions. Maca was domesticated about 2000 years ago by the Inca Indians and primitive cultivars of Maca have been found in archaeological sites dating as far back as 1600 B.C.
Maca has a low-growing, mat-like stem system which at times goes almost unnoticed. Its scalloped leaves lie close to the ground and it produces self-fertile small off-white flowers. The part used is the tuberous root which is pear shaped, up to 8 cm/3 inches in diameter and ranging from off-white to golden in color usually, with the occasional purple one.
Although it is a perennial, it is grown as an annual, and 7-9 months from planting are required to produce the harvested roots..
Growing Maca from seed is a fairly new practice in the US and there is not a lot of written guidelines or information available. If you find a process that works, please share it with us so we can help educate others!
  • Locate a growing area with full sun and well-draining soil. Maca plants prefer cool average temperatures between 30 degrees and 55 degrees Fahrenheit, though they can withstand vast temperature ranges.
  • Prepare the soil by removing stones and breaking up large clumps of dirt. Pull weeds in or near the growing area.
  • Mix manure or compost into soil.
  • Check the pH of your soil. Maca plants do best in alkaline soil with a pH of 5 and heavy mineral content.
  • Bury the seeds ¼ inch below the surface level of the soil. Seeds will take four days to germinate in soil at a temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Water seeds lightly immediately after planting. Without fully saturating, keep the soil moist until seedlings reach 6 inches in height. Once seedlings mature, fully soak the ground with water one to two times per week.
  • Add another layer of compost or manure half way into the growing cycle as this will maintain growth and add needed nutrients.
  • Harvest Maca roots after about seven months in the ground. Partially dig away the soil on one side of the plant to see the size of the root. Edible roots are typically 2 to 5 centimeters in size.

Buy Maca products

Maca can be grown or purchased in a variety of forms (click images to be taken directly to these maca products):

  • You can try growing your own Maca Root form Maca Seeds:
Grow Maca root from seed

Grow your own Maca from seed

  • You can purchase Maca Root Powder to be used in shakes and other Maca recipes:
buy Maca powder

Maca powder

  • You can purchase edible bars and products that use Maca as a beneficial ingredient:
Green hornet Bee Bar with maca

Green hornet bee bar with maca

Bee Sexy Bee bar with Maca

Bee Sexy Bee bar with Maca


Kilham, investigating maca in Peru on one of his frequent “Medicine Hunter” expeditions, asked a number of people why they used maca. “One woman stands out in my mind,” he says. “She smiled at my question and replied, ‘Well, for the sex, of course.’”

- Jonny Bowden, Ph.D., C.N.S., The Most Effective Natural Cures on Earth: The Surprising, Unbiased Truth about What Treatments Work and Why

What is maca?


Share this Post[?]

Posted on June 4th, 2013 by Ms. Sunshine  |  No Comments »

Growing Lavender from Seed


The Appeal of the Lovely Lavender Plant

“There’s a few things I’ve learned in life: always throw salt over your left shoulder, keep rosemary by your garden gate, plant lavender for good luck, and fall in love whenever you can.”

~Lavender and Alice Hoffman
(Practical Magic )

The lavender plant (species Lavandula) is a popular and unique plant that is an interesting seed-to-plant choice.  To grow lavender from seed takes commitment, it takes patience and, above all, it takes time.

The lavender plant is a member of the mint family.  The distinct smells and aroma of lavender can evoke a wide range of emotions.  It has exceptional colors and smells, which make it a superb landscaping accent in many gardens.  Because of its incredible versatility you can use the lavender plant to plug holes in your landscaping as well as add it in small hard to fill spots such as entryways and paths. Lavendar is a low maintenance plant that, once planted, is easy to care for and build around. All types of lavender plants are attractive to bees and butterflies making them great in butterfly garden or as host plants for encouraging pollination.

Lavender is grown both for its pleasant colors and incredible smells and for its homeopathic properties.  In the language of flowers, lavender flowers denote purity, silence, devotion and caution.

One of the most common notes of interest for growing lavender from seed is the variations that are inherent to growth from seeds.  The lavender plant will vary from plant to plant in a number of ways; gradations between slightly paler and deeper shades of color as well as occasional differences in height or flower shape, and flower per spear are certain to occur.

Choosing your Lavender Varieties

There are 20 or more different species of Lavandula plant. In addition, there are countless numbers of hybrid varieties that have been created through crossing the different species! This vast variety means many, many different colors, shapes sizes and even scents for you to choose from. When lavender is started by seed, some of the offspring may very in appearance from their parent plant- bringing an even greater potential for variety to every garden in which they are planted.

Here  are some of my favorite lavender plants. Click on the image to be directed to sources for purchasing specific seeds:

  • Spanish Lavender


    Spanish Lavenders have tissue paper-like feather bracts protruding from the ends

  • Wooly Lavender


    The silver-white foliage has made the wooly lavender very popular for use in "moon gardens".

  • Spike Lavender


    Spike Lavender is a highly productive oil producing making it popular for use in soaps.

  • Yellow Lavender


    Light green foliage with greenish-yellow flowers and highly aromatic!


Growing your own Lavender from Seed

Hot lavender, mints, savory, marjoram;
The marigold, that goes to bed wi’ th’ sun,
And with him rises weeping; these are flow’rs
Of middle summer, and I think they are given
To men of middle age.

(Winter’s Tale, iv. 4)

  • Seeds!

    To begin you will need high quality plant seeds.  Pick seeds that are designed for how and most importantly where you intend to use them.  Some regions, such as Colorado, may require that you pot these plants so that you can bring them in out of the cold.  As far as pot and soil are concerned, choose pots that are easy to out-plant because you will eventually be moving them into your garden and you don’t want to disturb the root system too much.  Soil can be simple potting mixtures of your choice, but remember that drainage is always important to avoid over watering as well as under watering.

  • Plant!

    Choose a number of seeds for each pot and place them in your moistened potting mixture.  Be sure to pick a number of seeds that will allow for a few deaths and any unwanted colors that you may want to remove later.  Do not cover the seeds with too much dirt because the lavender seeds are extremely small. Keep these newly placed seeds and pots in a warm spot indoors as the seeds will require a temperature of 70 degrees to germinate.  Be watchful of your seeds during this process, you do not want them to dry out.  Be mindful not to over water the tiny seeds as this will overwhelm them.

  • Germinate and Sun!

    Once you have some seeds that are germinated you can begin the time consuming process of introducing them to the outdoors.  This will require the greatest amount of patience so be committed.  Start by placing your newly germinated seeds in very sunny spot indoors as they are incredible sun lovers and will eventually be exposed to full sun as adults.  Let the plants grow and grow in this sunny spot until they are near their full size.  Once they are near full-grown you can start to acclimate them to the outdoors.

  • Transplant and Grow!

    Place your potted lavender outside for an hour a day in a shaded area, such as a porch.  Day by day, increase the time the plants spend in this shaded area. Once you have had them outdoors for a few weeks you can start to move them into direct sunlight.  If you start to get burnt plants make sure you allow a little more time in the shaded areas before going for more direct sunlight.   Give them about 2 to 3 weeks in the direct sun, and be sure not to over water, which may rot the root system. If you make it all the way through this process you can easily out pot the lavender to wherever you need their great colors and smells.

Good luck and have fun!



Share this Post[?]

Posted on July 24th, 2012 by Ms. Sunshine  |  No Comments »

Loving and Growing the Tea Plant!

Grow Tea Plant

Tea Plants are Beautiful and Ancient!

What is the Tea Plant?

The Tea plant is a plant that we see and use  every day and probably don’t acknowledge all of its various uses.  In order to get all that we can out of the Tea plant it is important to know about the diverse characteristics of the plant.   While there are many different products that may be considered “tea”, such as fusion teas, as well as drinks infused with other plants, we are going to look at the species known as “Camellia sinensis” which is used to make black tea, oolong tea, green tea, and white tea.

While Camellia sinensis is native to countries like China or India, it is now being cultivated across the globe in many tropical and sub-tropical environments.  Tea remains one of the most historically recorded plants still in use today.  In fact, the medicinal uses of tea date back to 4700 years ago by the great emperor Shennong in The Divine Farmer’s Herb-Root Classic, in which tea and a collection of plants were outlined for their medicinal uses.  Tea has been known for its stimulant effects, amazing anti-oxidant properties, and even for help with simple things like stomach aches and bladder problems.  We can break down some of these health benefits further in order to better understand how to use the tea plant.

  • Caffeine

Did you know that Tea contains caffeine?  It is really no surprise that the various teas, black and green especially, contain the stimulant known as caffeine.  In fact, about 3% of their dry weight is caffeine! .  Teas percentage of caffeine in relation to its dry weight is actually more than coffee. When you are feeling a little sluggish or just don’t have that pep in your step, but don’t feel like brewing a pot of coffee, try switching it up and making some tea.   It is important to be aware however, that caffeine is a natural diuretic, which is also beneficial for a number of reasons, including lowering high blood pressure, cirrhosis of the liver, and hypertension.  Maintaining your hydration is the only downside of diuretics so be sure that if you are drinking a lot of tea that you take measures to properly re-hydrate yourself as well.

  • Anti-Oxidants

Tea has also been known to have anti-oxidant properties.  Anti-oxidants have been the focus of numerous studies and while there are many mixed opinions about the benefits of anti-oxidants, many studies conclude that they do help in reducing the risk of heart disease.  In addition, those who work out with regularity are at risk for oxidative stress, accompanied by inflammatory responses, which can be relieved by drinking tea regularly.

Grow Your Own Tea Plant from Seeds!

Tea Plant

The Beautiful Tea Plant

So if you think that you may want to start drinking tea on a regular basis than what would be better than growing your own tea plant and reaping the benefits?

  • Time and Commitment

Growing tea plants from seed is a great project however, growing your own tea is for advanced gardeners with a willingness to commit for a couple of years!  If you think you fit this description then the next most important thing to consider is the climate in which you will be trying to grow a tea plant.

  • Climate

The tea plant is a naturally tropical or sub-tropical plant, which should be grown in a climate Zone of 8.  This would include parts of the mid-west but more specifically the southern region of the United States.  If you don’t live in one of these areas you would have to consider growing the plant in a greenhouse or pot that you can easily move indoors.

  • Growing your Plant

  1. Seeds:First, you will need seeds.  Check out’sTea Plant Seeds to accommodate your needs.
  2. Soil: Once you’ve got your seeds you will need to pick a soil mixture that is just right for your plant.  .  A key to a good plant will be a soil mixture that is sandy and quick to drain.  Other growers suggest a soil that is slightly on the acidic side, but a well-drained mixture is paramount to a good plant.  Another tip is to add some sphagnum moss to your potting mixture.  This will be extremely beneficial as this moss will be vital in providing your sand soil mixture with the capacity to hold water and nutrients.
  3. Pot: The tea plant is a small shrub, that can grow up to 3 feet if you don’t prune it, so pick an appropriate sized pot if that’s is where you will be growing it.
  4. Grow! Tea plant seeds germinate erratically and over a long period of time. These seeds can germinate at any time from a month and up to a year after being planted- patience is key!!! Once your plant is growing, expect it to blossom in the fall, with small aromatic flowers, that are quite pleasant.   You will need to wait 2-3 years before attempting to harvest your plant, but the wait will be worth it!!


Grow Tea Plant

Now You Can Grow Tea Plants from Seed!



Share this Post[?]

Posted on April 12th, 2012 by Dr. Greenthumb  |  No Comments »

Grow Marshmallow Plants from Seed

Grow Marshmallow Plant from Seed

The Marshmallow plant is a unique and ancient plant that is fun and easy to grow!

What IS the Marshmallow plant?

When most people think of marshmallows their mind automatically turns to the soft, spongy candy that is delicious toasted on a campfire, munching on when watching the TV or surfing the Internet! Marshmallow’s distinctive taste is due to the use of the sap from the marshmallow plant, or Althaea officinalis . The ancient Egyptians first used in confectionery by mixing it with honey and nuts. Modern marshmallows owe much to their texture and flavor thanks to the French who had the idea of whipping up the sap and combining it with sugar. Modern marshmallow candy is extruded by machine, which gives it its distinctive cylindrical shape, but the marshmallow plant is not only good for making candy, it has other properties too. Marshmallow sap and mucilage has long been used as a treatment for all sorts of ailments, from coughs and sore throats to constipation; many herbalists still use it to this day. Marshmallow sap, seed, leaves and roots are all edible and make ideal salad items too.

The Marshmallow, a hardy but elegant-looking plant

Grow Marshmallow Plant

The Marshmallow plant is unique plant full of magic and mystery!

History and uses of the Marshmallow plant and it’s parts:

Marshmallow plants get their name from the fact that in the wild, they tend to grow in the swamps and marshlands of the mid-Atlantic. It’s an elegant looking plant with velvety, soft leaves and pale pink flowers that stay on all year round, which makes marshmallow an ideal decorative plant. Marshmallow plants are also fairly hardy and well used to wet and cold weather, which makes them easy to maintain and look after. The seeds from the marshmallow plant are also great ingredients for cooking, helping to add distinctive flavors to all sorts of dishes, both savory and sweet. The seeds can even be eaten raw!

Growing Marshmallow Plants from Seed:

Stratifying seeds:

To grow a marshmallow plant from them, you need to first stratify the seeds to begin the germination process. Stratification involves storing them in the same conditions they experience in the wild and is best done by mixing the seeds with damp sand and placing them in a plastic bag. After letting the bag stand at room temperature for 24 hours to absorb the moisture within the sand, put the bag it in the refrigerator for four to six weeks, giving it an occasional shake. Keep checking for signs of germination, which once begins, indicates the marshmallow seeds needs planting.

Planting the Seeds:

Once the seeds are showing signs of germination (by beginning to sprout), you need to start planting them immediately. They fare best in a normal garden pot, with holes in the bottom for drainage. Simply fill the pot with a good soil or potting mixture and place the seeds and sand from the bag on top. Because marshmallow plants grow in marsh and swampland, they need to be kept as moist as possible. The best way to do this is to cover the pot very loosely with a transparent plastic bag or some wrap, ensuring enough air can get to it (make holes in it if you have to). This will trap any condensation.

You should keep the pot in a sunny but cool area, preferably indoors by a window, until the seedlings begin to sprout and you can see green stems. Keep checking the moisture level, remembering the conditions they grow in the wild; sprinkle with water if necessary if the sand/soil mixture gets too dry.

Time to Transplant!

Once the seedlings are showing signs of sprouting, it’s time to transplant the marshmallow plants outside. Dig holes in the bedding about a foot apart and transfer a seedling into each hole, gently patting soil around it to ensure it is properly secured. Make sure the plants receive plenty of water during the first year, especially during the hot weather, replicating the types of conditions they grow in the wild.

Watch them Grow and Enjoy!

Marshmallow plants grow slowly at first, but after a year, it may be necessary to distance the plants a further foot apart to avoid crowding. Marshmallow plants grow to about four feet in height once matured and are easy plants to take stem cuttings or to propagate seeds. If you want to use the plants for culinary uses, you can sprinkle seeds on salads as a tasty replacement for sunflower seeds, or place in stews and other dishes. The leaves too are good to eat, either raw or as a steamed vegetables.

Marshmallow Seeds

Click imigae above to be directed to high quality Marshmallow Seed!

Share this Post[?]

Posted on January 18th, 2012 by Ms. Sunshine  |  8 Comments »

What is Damiana? (and How to Grow it)

What is damiana?

Damiana grows wild in the subtropical regions of the Americas and Africa and is widely used in traditional medicine

What is Damiana?

Damiana is a historically well known herb in North America.  This amazing plant is native to Texas, parts of Southern California and throughout the entire country of Mexico.  Its roots can be traced back to the ancient civilization of the Mayan’s who used it for many of the same reasons it is used today, including use as an aphrodisiac and to stimulate the intestinal tract. There are a few important things to know about damiana, such as the two species of plant, its common forms and uses and the risks associated with it’s use.

Types of Damiana

There are two species of the plant both referred to as Damiana.  The first, Turnera aphrodisiaca, has long been used as an aphrodisiac as the name implies and can be traced back to use in the ancient Mexican culture of the Mayans.  The second species of the plant, Turnera diffusa, is also commonly used in herbal healing to treat symptoms such as anxiety, nervousness, and mild depression.  Because many of these symptoms may be tied to sexual inadequacies both are employed as an aphrodisiac for both men and women.  The small shrub-like plant blooms in late summer and produces small but brilliant yellow flowers that are quite fragrant.  Once the plant blooms, small fruits, which have been compared to figs in flavor, appear on the plant.   The shrub itself has a very aromatic spicy odor that is comparable to chamomile.

Damiana’s Herbal Uses

Although many parts of damiana have been used in herbal remedy throughout history, today’s most common forms come through the use of its leaves.  Damiana leaves are commonly found in pill form and as a tea for consumption.  There are many different effects for damiana so it is important to consult an herbalist in order to best understand what each form is used for, the proper dosage and not to mention possible side effects.  It is also important to note that while the FDA has not approved damiana, there have been many recent studies that have confirmed the medical uses of damiana.

A large number of studies have concluded that there are clear increased sexual drives in both male and female rats (“Stimulating property of Turnera diffusa and Pfaffia paniculata extracts on the sexual behavior of male rats” Arletti, R., Benelli, A., Cavazzuti, E., Scarpetta, G., & Bertolini, A. September 1998).  Pills for use as an aphrodisiac are commonly found today and are said to stimulate the intestinal tract, bringing oxygen to the genital area, which serves to increase the users energy levels thus increasing libido and desire for a partner.  Most pills are made from the leaves of the plant.  The recommended dosage is 2-200mg tablets 3 times daily but it is highly recommended to consult an expert prior to consumption.  It is not recommended to take damiana if you take medicine to treat diabetes or to control blood sugar levels such as insulin, glipizide (Glucotrol), and many others.

Damiana Tea

Damiana is possibly better known in the form of tea brewed from the various parts of the plant.  The tea itself is quite easy to make yourself if you decide to go forward with cultivation of your own plant.  However, one must be responsible and diligent to follow your local laws, as it is illegal to cultivate damiana in the state of Louisiana (Legislature of Louisiana: Regular Session, Act No. 565; House Bill No. 173, 2010). One key to the benefits of damiana tea may come from the variety of different essential oils and minerals, including phosphorus, tannins, and flavonoids.  The combination of these oils and minerals and their effects on the central nervous system is still not completely understood.  What nutritionists and herbalists understand is that damiana tea produces calming effects for those of us who are stressed out or over worked. Drinking damiana tea has been shown to help increase general energy levels, control irritable bowel syndrome, and even improve asthma symptoms. Some of the other benefits include relief from depression and anxiety.  The recommended dosage for the tea or tonic is a 1:5 mixture of 5 mL, 3 times daily.  It is rare but some users have reported allergic reactions to damiana. If you think that damiana is something you would like to try and you enjoy tryingsomething new and exciting in your garden you can cultivate your own damiana plant!

Growing Damiana

Growing your own damiana plant is an easy and enjoyable way to add a little something special to your garden.  The basics for excellent cultivation lay in your ability to provide the plant with a well-drained environment in which to thrive.  Because the plant is indigenous to southern parts of America, Mexico and South America it does require a fair amount of sunlight.  If the temperature of the environment is consistently cooler such as coastal southern California, place your plant in direct sunlight for the majority of the time.  However, the further in-land you go, the hotter and hotter the environment becomes and therefore you will need to base your plants location around a well-balanced mixture of shade and sunshine.

Growing Damiana from a Seedling

There is a very small and simple list of ingredients needed to get you started.

  • Damiana plant
  • Large planting buckets
  • Soil and Gravel mixture

Once you have gathered all your planting materials, mix the soil and gravel into the bottom of the bucket so that the root system will have ample drainage.  Place your damiana plant in the planter and cover it with the remainder of soil and gravel mixed together.  Make sure to cover the plants root system all the way up to the stem and water.  This shrub thrives in regions with high drainage, so the mixture you have made should do the job.  All you need to do now is sit back, make sure you water daily and let the damiana plant bring all its mystery and excitement to you!

Growing Damiana from Seed

Damiana can also be started from seed. The best method for starting damiana from seed is to use a “cold stratifying” technique. Damiana seeds will germinate at about a 60-80% rate and take a lot of attention and extra TLC.

Once you have a well established seedling you can transplant and care for it as explained above.

Damiana is a popular plant for both its medicinal and landscaping qualities – enjoy!

What is damiana?

Share this Post[?]

Posted on November 11th, 2011 by Ms. Sunshine  |  9 Comments »

Growing Tulips in Colorado


Growing Tulips in Colorful Colorado

An Abundance of Tulips Bloom on Boulder Colorado's "Pearl Street Mall"

“I guess he’d rather be in Colorado
He’d rather spend his time out where the sky looks like a pearl after a rain”

John Denver

Growing Tulips in Colorado

Tulips are part of the Tulipa genus which has over 100 species of flowers.  Tulips are perennials (many tulips are planted in late fall as annuals) and are a welcome emergence of color to your garden every spring.  Tulips thrive in climates where there are long cool springs and dry summers, making them an ideal plant for gardens in Colorado.

When and Where to Plant

For tulip growers in Colorado, the best results are typically achieved by planting the bulbs in late September through October and even as late as December depending on when and where you want them to bloom.   Even though tulips grow well in both sun and shade, you will want to avoid planting tulips in a southerly exposure too early in the year, in order to avoid premature blooming.

If you plant your bulbs too early in the year, at a shallow depth, the heat from a south exposure can make the bulbs bloom in the early heat only to be killed off by an inevitable freeze.  Conversely, if you are late to plant your bulbs you can make up the time by planting your bulbs in a southerly exposure and at a more shallow depth thus allowing the bulbs a better chance of warming up and blooming.  An average depth of 4 to 8 inches should do the trick.  The best rule of thumb for the proper depth is to plant the bulb at a depth three times as deep as the height of the bulb.  For example, if the bulb is one and ½ inches tall, dig a hole 4 and ½ inches deep and place the bulb at the bottom with 3 inches of soil on top of the bulb.   You can group the bulbs together according to a similar guideline.  Spacing the bulbs at a width two times the width of the bulb allows for close grouping and spectacular blooming in the spring.  If the bulb is one inch wide space the bulb two inches from the next bulb and proceed accordingly.

For all of the procrastinators out there don’t worry, if you miss the time window of fall you can still plant late in the year.   To achieve the proper blooming schedule, plant the bulbs at a slightly more shallow depth than normal and pick a space in your yard where the sun will assure warmth throughout the proceeding season.

Planting Tulip Bulbs

Spacing and location are important factors to consider when planting your bulbs

Picking the Best Tulip Bulbs

An all important step to great tulips is picking the best Tulip bulbs.  You want to pick the biggest, firmest, fullest bulbs available.  In the case of bulb picking size does matter, and bigger is definitely better.  You do not want bulbs that are soft to the touch as they may contain mold and thus might lead to bulb rot.

Buying Tulip Bulbs

When choosing your bulbs, select bulbs that are firm and blemish free

Preparing the Soil

Once you have picked the biggest and best bulbs it is time to prepare the soil in which you have decided to plant.  The soil should be quick draining and well aerated as this is where tulips will thrive.  Dig your holes and then begin placing your bulbs.  The bulbs need to be planted with the point up and the flat part of the bulb sitting at the bottom of you hole.  You will only need to water if you feel the ground is particularly dry.

If you follow these simple steps to planting Tulips, you can expect an amazing burst of color come spring and you can enjoy your Tulips for many years!

Growing Tulips

Share this Post[?]

Posted on September 9th, 2011 by Dr. Greenthumb  |  4 Comments »

Tulipomania and the History of the Tulip Bulb

Tulipomania- The Story

Tulipomania (n.) A violent passion for the acquisition or cultivation of tulips

The History of Tulips

The Tulip has a long, exciting and unique history that has led to the great variety of myths, folklore and symbolism that have come to be associated with this beautiful flower.


Today, we associate Tulips (and most bulb flowers) with Holland however, Holland is, in fact, no bulb’s ancestral home! Tulips are from Central Asia, Daffodils are from Spain and Portugal, Dahlias come from Mexico, Amaryllis is native to South America, Freesias and Callas come from South Africa, and most of the species of “wild” lilies are from China, Japan, and North America. The wild forms of these bulb flowers have been developed by Dutch flower hybridizers to produce the amazing variety of flowers we are now familiar with and seek for our home gardens. Most of the true “wild” forms of these bulbs are still available, but with all the glamor of the hybrids, the wild ones are more difficult to find.

There are about 150 species of “wild tulips” that originate from the Pamir Alai and Tien-Shan Mountain Ranges (near modern day Russian/Chinese border), and  east into China and West into France and Spain, with the majority coming from Central Asia.

Three famous wild forms of Tulips:

“Lilac Wonder”, Tulipa bakeri

The “Lilac Wonder”, Tulipa bakeri is a 6-8” tall wild tulip, native to the Greek Island of Crete.

Wild "Lilac Wonder", Tulipa bakeri

One of the more difficult to find "wild" forms of tulips

“Peppermint Stick, Tulipa clusiana

The “Peppermint Stick, Tulipa clusiana is a 13” tall wild tulip native to the mountains of Afghanistan and Iran

"Peppermint Sick" Tulipa clusiana

Fun red and white botanical Tulips

“Tarda”, Tulipa tarda

The “Tarda”, Tulipa tarda is a small 5-6” tall wild tulip from Central Asia. This valuable native tulip used extensively in hybridizing

Tulipa Tarda

A valuable native tulip used extensively in hybridizing

Tulips in Turkey

The glorification of the Tulip probably started in Ottoman Empire of Turkey as early as 1,000 AD.  During this time, the Sultans celebrated the Tulip flower and came to believe it could help bring wealth and power.  Today the tulip is still the national flower of Turkey.

Famous Turkish Tulip Legend

One famous Turkish lore tells of a very handsome prince named Farhad who fell deeply in love with a fair maiden named Shirin. One day, news spread to the prince that Shirin had been killed. In his grief, the prince mounted his horse and rode it over a cliff to his death. According to the legend, each droplet of his blood caused a scarlet colored tulip to spring up, making the tulip a historic symbol of “perfect” love.

Red Emperor Tulips

The deep red color of the "Red Emperor" reminds us of the price's blood

Europe is introduced to the Tulip

During the 1500’s European botanists began recording their findings in beautiful drawings. Many of these early tulip renderings began appearing in Europe. The flowers depicted were so beautiful and unique that they gained wide notice. One of the most famous of these early botanic drawings, called “Tulipa bononiesnsis”, become very famous and helped spark a great interest in these flowers.  Paintings depicting these “new flowers” were very exotic to Europeans and helped fuel the fire for what was soon to become the great tulip craze!

Tulipa bononiesnsis

The famous Tulipa bononiensis which looks a lot like our “Red Emperor” tulips today

In the late 16th century a botonist named Carolus Clusius was the head botanist (called the “Hortulanus”) at the University of Leiden. During Clusius’ earlier work in Vienna, he had met a man named DeBusbecq. DeBusbecq was the ambassador to the court of the Sultan in Constantinople, the seat of the Ottoman Empire. As a gift, DeBusbecq gave Clusius some tulip bulbs from Central Asia. Clusias brought these bulbs with him to Holland and began studying the unique flowers, probably in hopes of finding medicinal uses for the bulbs. Since the people of Holland had seen the beautiful botanical drawing circulating throughout Europe, many investors became interested in the flowers as “money-makers” in the developing floral trade market.

Clusias contributed the desirability of the tulip bulbs by being very secretive and protective of the bulbs. The public became so fascinated with the mysterious flowers that some were even stolen from his gardens. This was the beginning of what has come to be known as the famous “Tulipomania”.


During the 17th century, when the tulip bulbs got beyond the protective grasp of Clusias, the great rise and fall of the “great tulip craze” began. The bulbs were considered very precious rarities and their price quickly began to rise. Through the early 1600’s the prices skyrocketed as an actual trading market for Tulip Bulbs developed. As the hybrids became more and more glamorous, the limited supply of certain bulbs became highly prized by the rich who, ultimately, were willing to pay almost any price. By 1624, one tulip type, with only 12 bulbs available, was selling for 3000 guilders per bulb, the equivalent of about $1500 today! This bulb was similar to today’s “Rembrandt Tulips” which sell for about $0.50 a bulb! During the peak of the tulip craze, one famous sale is recorded for a single bulb going for the equivalent of $2250 plus a horse and carriage!

During the 1630s, the frenzy continued as notarized bills of sale were being issued for bulbs, fraud and speculation were rampant, and the incredible tulip bubble was about to burst. The crash came in 1637. Many rich traders became paupers overnight, and the prices finally settled at a much more practical level.

The settling of “Tulipomania” did not reduce the real demand and the love of the sheer beauty of the tulip flowers.  The tulip market has been maintained and the Dutch have built one of the best organized production and export businesses in the world. Today, over nine billion flower bulbs are produced each year in Holland, and about 7 billion of them are exported, for an export value of three quarters of a billion dollars. The USA is the biggest importer of Dutch bulbs importing around $130,000,000 worth of Dutch bulbs (at wholesale) every year!

Tulip Bulbs in Holland

Over nine billion flower bulbs are produced each year in Holland, and about 7 billion of them are exported


Share this Post[?]

Posted on September 8th, 2011 by Ms. Sunshine  |  4 Comments »

Tulip Symbolism by Color

Tulip Flowers and their Symbolism

The Color of Specific Tulips Hold Intimate and Historic Meaning

“The tulip and the butterfly
Appear in gayer coats than I:
Let me be dressed fine as I will,
Flies, worms, and flowers
exceed me still.

~ Isaac Watts

Tulip Symbolism

The name of the “Tulip” flower comes from the headdress, known as the turban or taliban, worn by many people in the Middle East. The Latin translation of the turban is “tulipa”.

The great history of the Tulip, which reaches to the far corners of the world, has given it many strong symbolic associations.  As a group, Tulips represent fame, wealth and perfect love.

Perhaps because they bloom in the spring, following the darkness of the winter months, the Tulip has come to symbolize eternal life.

Tulip Symbolism by Color

The symbolic meaning of the tulip flower changes with the color of the flower.


Red tulips are a declaration of love and mean, “believe me”.

Red Oscar Tulip Bulbs

Red Oscar Tulips


Yellow tulips mean, “there’s sunshine in your smile”.

"Strong Gold" Yellow Tulip Bulbs

"Strong Gold" Yellow Tulips


Cream colored tulips mean , “I will love you forever”.

Maureen Tulip Bulbs

Creamy "Maureen" Tulips


White tulips symbolize heaven, newness and purity.

Inzell Tulip Bulbs

Pure white, "Inzell" Tulips


Purple tulips symbolize royalty and wealth.

Purple Prince Tulip Bulbs

Deep purple, "Purple Prince" Tulips


Pink tulips symbolize affection and caring

Upstar Tulip Bulbs

Pink, "Upstar" Tulips


Orange tulips symbolize energy, enthusiasm, desire and passion

Princess Irene Tulip Bulbs

Ornage colored "Princess Irene" Tulips


Variegated tulips mean, “you have beautiful eyes”

Mickey Mouse Tulip Bulbs

Multi-colored, or variegated, "Mickey Mouse" tulips

Tulips are a long time favorite of the spring garden and the meaning of a garden can be encoded in the color choice of the flowers. For example, a white tulip garden would symbolize “heaven on earth”, while a cream and red tulip garden would be symbolic of a deep and everlasting love. Planting tulips can be a very rewarding way to add symbolic meaning and beauty to your spring gardens.

Tulip Flowers


Share this Post[?]

Posted on August 31st, 2011 by Ms. Sunshine  |  10 Comments »

Seed Germinating Times and Tips

Germinating seed

Germinating seeds can vary from easy to difficult

“Gardening is the art that uses flowers and plants as paint, and the soil and sky as canvas.” Elizabeth Murray

The Art of the Garden

As any seasoned gardener will tell you, gardening is an art and a true labor of love. The art of the garden begins with learning about the needs of each seed. Germinating seeds is not a black and white “by the book” process. Each seed type is different and desires different conditions and levels of patience. Some, like the Radish and many Lettuces, only ask for a little water and a few days. Others, like the Hot Peppers and some Perennial flowers, need specific temperature and humidity and MONTHS to germinate!

In this post we will give you some basic tips for successful germination, information of the various seed “types” followed by a chart detailing expected germination times of specific seed varieties.

The “Must Know”s for Successful Seed Germinating

Sowing the seed

Germinating Seeds

Most seeds germinate best at warm (70°F) temperatures. Plants from temperate regions, the arctic, high mountains and high deserts often germinate best at cool temperatures. Plants from winter-rain areas like California, the Mediterranean, Chile, S. Africa and parts of Australia also like cool temperatures. Warm temperatures will often speed germination of these seeds, but lower vigor, survival and germination rates. Warm desert plants and tropical seeds like warmth. Please refer to the germination chart below for guidance on germination temperatures for specific seed varieties.

Seed Types and General Germination Tips

Germinating Seeds

Below you will find a chart of specific germination times for many popular garden seeds:

For detailed information on HOW to germinate Pepper Seeds, click HERE

Set yourself up for success!

Other important factors in seed germination are the Soil mix and pH, Pre-treatment of seeds, optimal hours of light, and various seed germinating techniques. We will be addressing these issues in upcoming posts so stay tuned!

Knowing what to expect from your specific seeds and how to best care for them will help set you up for successful germination and save you the concern of wondering “when will my seeds germinate?!”

“All the flowers of all the tomorrows are in the seeds of today.” Swedish Proverb

Germinating seed

Happy Germinating!

Share this Post[?]

Posted on July 6th, 2011 by Ms. Sunshine  |  7 Comments »